Restoration of Atlantic heaths and inland dunes in Denmark.
The present project aims to restore some of Denmark’s large areas of heathland
The heathland habitat types of Europe and Denmark are considered to be vulnerable and to some extent threatened habitat types. In the latest evaluation (2007) of the conservation status of Annex I habitat types in Denmark 5 of the targeted habitat types in the project proposal are evaluated having unfavourable conservation status and one with unknown conservation status.
Several circumstances influence the conservation status of the heath land habitats in an unfavourable way. Airborne fertilization and attacks from the Heather Beetle (Lochmaea suturalis) is the reason for overgrowth with grasses at the expense of the characteristic heath land scrubs resulting in a major loss of biodiversity.
The wet and dry heath land habitat types furthermore suffer from accumulation of organic materials / nutrients which starts a vicious circle since the damaging Heather Beetle exactly winters in the peat layer. Overgrowth with woody species is part of the natural succession of all of the habitats, but it is accelerated because of abandonment of pastoral systems. Especially the wet heathland habitat type suffers from fragmentation and bad hydrological regimes.
The controlled burning of heathland is used as a conservation tool.
New heather plants appearing a few months after a controlled burning.
Heather flowers in August.
The present project aims to restore some of Denmark’s large areas of heathland before it’s too late. An urgent and comprehensive effort is imperative in order to reverse the trend of deterioration and the targeted heath land habitat types to achieve a good conservation status. This will be achieved through restoring old habitats of heath land and creating new habitats nearby.
For this project 6 Sites of Community Importance is selected, covering a project site surface of 6566 ha. 8 Different conservation actions are planned at an area of ha of 2304 ha. More actions might take place at the same area.
Expected results (outputs and quantified achievements):
- Clearing of woody species on 142 ha existing and potential heathland habitats
- Removal of upper peat soil layer on 134 ha existing and potential heathland habitats
- Milling of 160 ha existing and potential heath land habitats dominated by Purple Moor Grass
- Harvest of the heath land vegetation on 386 ha existing and potential heathland habitats
- Controlled burning on 578 ha existing and potential heathland habitats
- Historically heath land cultivation on 11 ha potential heathland habitats
- Acquisition of 60 cattle and establishment of grazing on 659 ha existing and potential heathland habitats
- Restoration of natural hydrology affecting an area of 17 ha of existing and potential heathland habitats
- Restoration and improvement of potential and existing breeding habitats of Wood Sandpiper and Nightjar.
The project have ended as per 31. December 2016.
As part of the project a handbook for management of heathlands has been produced, download it here :
The project's final seminar was held September 15 to 16 2016'th with more than 80 participants.
A summary and other material from the seminar will be made available here during the month of November.
Click here for Danish version
Download project reports in English